Many centuries ago, 300 families were sent from the present day Andhra Region to Hyderabad State. Before the end of the Kakatiya Empire, there were incessant attacks on the Empire from the Muslims. The culture and the warfare of the Muslims were new to the Kakatiya rulers. To counter the Islamic invasion at the request of the rulers, a team of 300 top strategists and warriors was sent from Tanjore by the rulers of Kakatiya, who had won a recent victory. These 300 men, known as "Samsthanams," and their families moved to Kakatiya Empire and were absorbed into the society.
After the fall of the Kakatiya Empire, the Samsthanams with them mostly in and around present day Warangal. They became powerful generals in the Army, administrators in several kingdoms, small business owners, small and large landowners, and politicians and had representation in all streams of society. Before 1947 they were in the forefront of the Aryasamaj Movement in independent India.
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