Wednesday, October 20, 2010

Dasara,A symbol of victory of truth over evil

Fortunate is the one,
Who has learned to admire,
But not to envy.

Dasara,A symbol of victory of truth over evil..
light up for you.
The hopes of Happy times,
And dreams for a year full of smiles!
Good wishes for a joyous Navratri,
With a plenty of peace and prosperity.

May Goddess Durga eliminate all your vices
Wishing you Happy Dasara.

Long live the tradition of Hindu culture,
as the generations have passed by,
lets keep,Hindu culture.
Faces of old and faces of new,
People we know and people we knew.
Growing together,from all traditons without fear.....

damodhar.rao musham
Convener Intellectual Cell
ANDHRAPRADESH CONGRESS COMMITTEE
http://historyofcongress.blogspot.com/

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

WHO said WHAT

WHERE IS Birthday Gift ???

AT PRESS MEET VIGYAN BHAVAN

WESTERN COURT GALLEY

K K with musham damodhar rao

K K with musham damodhar rao

Thursday, April 8, 2010

LIST OF POSTS IN THIS BLOG AT A GLANCE

2010 (93)
o April (19)
+ HOW NIZAM GAVE BELLARY RAYALASEEMA TO ENGLISH
+ NIZAM CAPITAL FROM AURANGABAD TO HYDERABAD in1763
+ Nizam,BRITISH,story of Circar Districts
+ Facts about Hyderabad,Asafjahis
+ WHO IS ASAFJAHI First king Mir Kamaruddin
+ IRRIGATION FACTS
+ WATER SHARE subject from an Friend
+ WATER and Harrasment
+ satavahanas first telangana bhuddist rulers from k...
+ MINING SECTOR,MUSHAM
+ GSDP from agriculture sector
+ TELANGANA DEVELOPMENT - myth dist wide data
+ G O 610 good bad ugly
+ GENTLEMEN’ S AGREEMENT 1956
+ MULKI RULE CHAP III,APPENDIX "N"
+ THE MULKI RULES 1949
+ Danger behind the mulki rule
+ Telangana was part of the princely state of...
+ Met Shri Krishna Committee,SEE @,FAX,Phone no,
o March (32)
+ TCMG meets Jaipal Reddy
+ Centre's decision to form Telangana
+ RAHUL GANDHI WHO BEARS THE BURDEN OF NEEDY
+ VISITED RAJGHAT,saw gandhi words on DICENTRALIZATI...
+ TCMG Gave Rahul Gandhi Satavahana coin,
+ Telanagana TCMG stay in Delhi at Historic Western ...
+ SARKAR SEEMA under Presidency RULE
+ We want Telangana THE PEOPLE CHOICE
+ Story of MULKI rules
+ Men came to Hyderabad to rule Telangana FROM MADRA...
+ Telangana - A Historical Perspective
+ COMPARE FIRST & THIS 5 YEAR PLANS
+ FAILED MARRIAGE
+ Telangana and Andhra regions presented two diverge...
+ NATIONS SMALLER THAN A DISTRICT IN TELANGANA
+ Dumping English style employees
+ about TCMG
+ TCMG report extracts for info from open document,
+ RAHUL GANDHI meets TCMG members
+ TCMG goes to New delhi on Telangana
+ ART OF SATAVAHANAS
+ MY RESEARCH PAPER DEDICATED TELANGANA PEOPLE
+ LIST OF KINGS IN SCHOLAR VIEW
+ KINGS LIST OF SATAVAHANA
+ SATAVAHANA FOUGHT ANGAINST FOREIGN INVADERS
+ PURANAS GIVE OUR HISTORY
+ words talari,talavara, nagamma,viramma.
+ SATAVAHANA COINS
+ MAHATALAVARASA TELUGU WORDS OF PRE STAVAHANA KINGS...
+ HISTORY OF SATAVAHANA FEMALE ATTENDEANTS
+ other version of KOHINOOR
o February (42)
+ GENTLEMEN AGREMENT FATE IN 2010
+ GENTLEMAN AGREEMENT
+ FAZAL ALI TELANGANA SHOULD BE SEPERATE
+ ANDHRA STATE IN 1956
+ TELANGANA IN 1956
+ TELANGANA FOREVER
+ WE WANT TELANGANA
+ spirit of telangana,Telanagana UTSAV
+ FORMATION OF TELANGANA
+ HISTORY OF TELANGANA
+ PEOM on telangana
+ WHY TWO STATES Burgula version
+ Telangana Blood Donation into GUINNES RECORD
+ ITALY LAW NEWS:shoe maoists in OU stating SUPREME ...
+ Sri Krishna Commision P n in English
+ Sri Krishna commision Worksheet @ in TELUGU
+ SRI KRISHNA COMMISION Home Ministry letter
+ TELANGANA FRIENDS SPREAD ABOUT UR BLOG
+ NAGARJUNASAGAR DAM PLANNED FROM1903
+ TILTED DAM,SWALLOWED NIZAM TIGER RESORT
+ TELANGANA WATER SATELLITE MAP
+ 3K;tmcft TELANGANA WATER SAMUDRAM PALU
+ DO U KNOW RUKMAMMAPET KOHINOOR WAS FOUND THERE FIR...
+ PALAMOOR MAHABOOBNAGAR HISTORY
+ TELANGANA DANCING SCULPTURE from WARANGAL
+ KOTTAM AS VILLAGE UNITS BY SATAVAHANAS
+ ROMANS VISITED NAGARJUNA KONDA
+ HALA GATHA SAPTASADI A CMPILATION OF STORIES
+ FIRST TO ISSUE COINS FROM KOTILINGALA MINT
+ SPREAD FROM KOTILINGALA,AND KARIMNAGAR,ADILABAD RE...
+ TELANGANA RULERS BETWEEN KRISHNA & GODAVARI
+ SATAVAHANAS IKSVAKU LINKS WITH EUROPE
+ SATAVAHANAS FIRST TELANGANA RULERS
+ TELANGANA SATAVAHANA FOUNDED AT KOTILINGALA
+ TELANGANA RULERS STARTED SHALIVAHANA SAKA
+ TELANGANA KINGS CAPTURED PATALIPUTRA OF MAURYAS
+ NAGARJUNASAGAR DAM PLANNED IN 1903 BY NIZAM
+ TELANGANA SATAVAHANA QUEENS GOLD EAR RINGS
+ Archaeological evidence SHOW CAPITAL IN KARIMNAGAR...
+ TELANGANA SATAVAHANA RULERS
+ Sri RAMA in Badrachalam
+ TELANGANA DURING MAHABARATA PERIOD

Wednesday, April 7, 2010

HOW NIZAM GAVE BELLARY RAYALASEEMA TO ENGLISH

the Nizam was compelled to disassociate himself from Hyder Ali. In A.D.1800 yet another treaty was signed by the Nizam with the British altering the earlier treaties to increase the strength of the English army in Hyderabad. In lieu of the cost of maintenance of the force, the Nizam had to cede to the company an area comprising the districts of Rayalaseema and Bellary (now in Karnataka). With this the Nizam lost not only the territory but also reputation and power.

NIZAM CAPITAL FROM AURANGABAD TO HYDERABAD in1763

Hostilities recommenced in India between the French and the English in AD.1758 on the outbreak of Seven Years War in Europe in A.D.1756. As a result, the French lost their power in India and consequently it also lost influence at Hyderabad. In A.D.1762 Nizam Ali Khan dislodged Salabat Jung and proclaimed himself as Nizam.

Hyderabad came into focus again when Nizam Ali Khan (Nizam II) in A.D.1763 shifted the capital of the Deccan from Aurangabad to Hyderabad. Such a move helped rapid economic growth and expansion of the city, resulting in its importance and prosperity.

Nizam,BRITISH,story of Circar Districts

Hostilities recommenced in India between the French and the English in AD.1758 on the outbreak of Seven Years War in Europe in A.D.1756. As a result, the French lost their power in India and consequently it also lost influence at Hyderabad. In A.D.1762 Nizam Ali Khan dislodged Salabat Jung and proclaimed himself as Nizam.

Hyderabad came into focus again when Nizam Ali Khan (Nizam II) in A.D.1763 shifted the capital of the Deccan from Aurangabad to Hyderabad. Such a move helped rapid economic growth and expansion of the city, resulting in its importance and prosperity.

Between A.D.1766 and A.D.1800, Nizam's sovereignty had declined considerably and the British gained their authority over the Nizams by compelling the latter to sign six treaties.
In A.D.1766, the Nizam signed a treaty with the British, whereby in return for the Northern Circars, the British agreed to furnish Nizam Ali Khan with a subsidiary force as and when required and to pay Rs.9 lakhs per annum when the assistance of the troops was not required in lieu of Northern Circars to be ceded to them. In A.D.1768 he signed another treaty conferring the Northern Circars to the British and the payment by the British was reduced to Rs.7 lakhs. According to another treaty, he surrendered the Guntur circar in A.D.1788. In A.D.1779, the Nizam conspired with Hyder Ali of Mysore and the Peshwa of the Marathas to drive away the English. When they learnt about his designs, the English marched against the Nizam who had to sue for peace agreeing to the presence of an English Resident along with army, artillery and cavalry at Hyderabad

Facts about Hyderabad,Asafjahis

Though Hyderabad was founded in A.D.1590--91 and built by Muhammad Quli, the fifth king of the Qutbshahi dynasty, it was a princely capital under them. The pomp and peagantry of the fabulous Asafjahi Nizams gained an all-India importance as well as World wide recognition. The rule of the Nizams lasted not only for a much longer period from A.D.1724 to 1948 but also concerned a large territory with diverse language groups that came under their sway.

The authority of the founder of the State of Hyderabad, Asafjah I, extended from Narmada to Trichinapally and from Machilipatnam to Bijapur. During the period of Afzal-ud-Daula (A.D.1857--1869) it was estimated to be 95,337 sq.miles (2,46,922.83 sq.kms.), forming a lateral square of more than 450 miles (724.17 kms.) each way.

After Nizam I, Asaf Jah, died in A.D.1748, there was tussle for power among his son, Nasar Jung, and grandson Muzaffar Jung. The English supported Nasar Jung whereas Muzaffar Jung got support from the French. These two heirs were subsequently killed by Nawabs of Kurnool and Cuddapah, one after another, in A.D.1750 and AD.1751 respectively. The third son of Nizam I, Salabat Jung became the ruler as Nizam under the support of the French.

WHO IS ASAFJAHI First king Mir Kamaruddin

Asaf Jahis

The founder of this dynasty was one Mir Kamaruddin, a noble and a courtier of the Mughal Muhammad Shah, who negotiated for a peace treaty with Nadirshah, the Iranian invader; got disgusted with the intrigues that prevailed in Delhi. He was on his way back to the Deccan, where, earlier he was a Subedar. But he had to confront Mubariz Khan, as a result of a plot by the Mughal emperor to kill the former. Mubariz Khan failed in his attempt and he was himself slain. This took place in A.D.1724, and henceforth Mir Kamaruddin, who assumed the title of Nizam-ul-Mulk, conducted himself as an independent prince. Earlier, while he was one of the Ministers of the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah, the latter conferred on him the title of Asaf Jah. Thus begins the Asaf Jahi rule over Golconda with the capital at Aurangabad. It was only during Nizam II rule that the capital of the Deccan Subha was shifted to Hyderabad reviving its importance.

The Asafjahi Nizams are generally counted as seven, though they were ten. Nasir Jung and Muzaffar Jung, son and grandson of the Nizam I who were killed by the Kurnool and Cuddapah Nawabs and Salabatjung who also ruled for a decade, were not counted by the historians though the Mughal emperors at Delhi recognised them as Subedars of the Deccan.

The Nizams of Asafjahi dynasty who ruled the Deccan are the following:

(1) Mir Kamaruddin (Nizam-ul-Mulk - Asaf Jah I) (A.D.1724--1748), (2) Nasir Jung (A.D. 1748--1751), (3) Muzaffar Jung (A.D.1750--1751), (4) Salabat Jung (AD.1751--1761), (5) Nizam Ali Khan - Asaf Jah II (A.D.1762--1803), (6) Nizam III Sikandar Jah (A.D.1803--1829), (7) Nizam IV -- Nasir-ud-Daula (A.D.1829--1857), (8) Nizam V -- Afzal-ud-Daula (A.D.1857--1869), (9) Nizam VI -- Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan (A.D.1869--1911), and (10) Nizam VII -- Mir Osman Ali Khan (AD.1911--1948 September).

IRRIGATION FACTS

1953 Andhra Pradesh the area irrigated under Tanks in the Telangana 11 lakh acres. Now it is hardly 6.5 lakh acres. • Education in crores Andhra 1308.56, Rayalaseema 382.87, Telangana 163.39 • Schools - Andhra 26800, Rayalaseema 13000, Telangana 17954 • Hospitals - Andhra (9 dist) 666, Rayalaseema (4 dist) 303, Telangana (10 dist) 270



• Total Govt employees- Seemandhra 9 lakhs, Telangana (10 dist) 3 lakhs • Industries Andhra 6100, Rayalaseema 773, Telangana 1250 • Power Utilization Andhra 54%, Rayalaseema 23%, Telangana 23% Nagarjuna Sagar project Submerged land Cultivation land 0% 20 lakh acres Andhra 100% 4.5 lakh acres Telangana • Polavaram project is submerging 250 small villages in Telangana, displacing 5 lakh tribals is going to provide lakhs of acres cultivation land to Andhra.

WATER SHARE subject from an Friend

AP got nearly 40 major projects in which 37 went to Seemandhra region Telangana side Seemandhra side
SLBC (30 TMC) not taken up, SLBC beyond Musi (20 TMC) not taken up, RDS extension (10 TMC) not taken up, LIS to high level areas in Mahabubnagar not taken up, Bheema LIS 20 TMC under construction for many years Telugu Ganga project (29 TMC) completed, SRBC (19 TMC) completed, KC canal extension completed (10 TMC), Upland areas Brahmamgari matham reservoir (10 TMC) completed, SRBC beyond Gorakallu (20TMC) under construction, Puchintala evaporation losses (5 TMC) under construction, Veligonda not recommended project (40 TMC) almost completed, Handrineeva sujala sarvanthi not recommended (38 TMC) almost completed, Galerunagari sujala sravanthi not recommended (38 TMC) is under construction

Pothireddypadu regulator was originally created for drinking water to Chennai with 5 TMC. Gradually 5 projects were ‘piggy backed’ & augmented to canal. In the name of Chennai drinking water, Seemandhra wanted to take entire Srisailam water • Veligonda project is being constructed on war footing basis. This will drain 60 TMC of water from Srisailam. This project is not allotted (water share by tribunal) and do not have clearance till now. • Handrineeva Sujala Sravanthi, not allotted not cleared project is going on war footing • SLBC despite of all recommendations, clearances and permissions never started. • Manuguru thermal power station proposed to be in Telangana was lobbied to be shifted to Vijayawada, transporting coal from singareni. • Dummugudem Hydal power station remained a promise on paper. • Icchampalli power (975 MW) project never started. • If Mumbai is not a free-zone, Delhi is not a freezone, Kolkatta is not a freezone, Chennai is not a freezone, Pune is not a freezone … why should Hyderabad be a freezone? Andhras were even demanding entire Telangana should be freezone.

WATER and Harrasment

Catchment area of Krishna river in AP Catchment area Allocation of Water
Andhra Rayalaseema Telangana 13% 18% 69% 49% 16% 35%

Actual Utilization
87% 13% Less than 1%

Catchment area of Godavari river in AP Catchment area
Andhra Telangana

Utilization Water

21%(310 TMC) 23%(320 TMC) 79%(1170 TMC) 9.6% (143 TMC) 405 TMC is being diverted to Andhra via Polavaram project

• Total loss of water share of Telangana merging with Andhra is 1125 TMC. 1 TMC serves 10000 acres, i.e. total cultivation land Telangana lost is 11, 25,000 acres. • 7 Telangana, 3 Andhra, 1 Rayalaseema are declared backward districts. • 65% of Industries in Telangana are owned by Andhra. One Telangana persons are harrased to build industry They were tormented so much that they gave it up.
Catchment area of Krishna river in AP Catchment area Allocation of Water
Andhra Rayalaseema Telangana 13% 18% 69% 49% 16% 35%

Actual Utilization
87% 13% Less than 1%

Catchment area of Godavari river in AP Catchment area
Andhra Telangana

Utilization Water

21%(310 TMC) 23%(320 TMC) 79%(1170 TMC) 9.6% (143 TMC) 405 TMC is being diverted to Andhra via Polavaram project

• Total loss of water share of Telangana merging with Andhra is 1125 TMC. 1 TMC serves 10000 acres, i.e. total cultivation land Telangana lost is 11, 25,000 acres. • 7 Telangana, 3 Andhra, 1 Rayalaseema are declared backward districts. • 65% of Industries in Telangana are owned by Andhra. One Telangana persons are harrased to build industry They were tormented so much that he gave it up. •

satavahanas first telangana bhuddist rulers from karimnagar region

satavahanas first telangana bhuddist rulers from karimnagar region
Published On : March 14th, 2009 Updated at : March 14th, 2009
Tags :
• Telangana-Politics
• Karimnagar
• Arts
• Other
The Satavahanas ruled a large and powerful empire that withstood the onslaughts from Central Asia. Aside from their military power, their commercialism and naval activity is evidenced by establishment of Indian colonies in southeast Asia for the first time in history

There are divergent views regarding the starting period of the Satavahana chronology and the total duration of the dynasty. According to D. R. Bhandarkar the Satavahana rule commenced in the 6 th or 5 th century B.C. But other scholars did not accept this view. Dr. M. Rama Rao held the view that the Satavahanas flourished between 221A.D

MINING SECTOR,MUSHAM

The growth of GSDP in certain districts of Telangana is driven more by the mining sector and not by the interventions of the Government as claimed by the vested interests in the
Andhra region, who are now pushing the idea of continuance of United Andhra Pradesh.

Table 4.3: GROSS DISTRICT DOMESTIC PRODUCT OF ANDHRA PRADESH FROM MINING AND

QUARRYING AT CURRENT PRICES (% Contribution
District 1999 2007 2000-1- 2-3- 2004 District 1999-Average -07 -08
2000 01 02 03 04 05 06

1 Srikakulam 1.35 1.13 1.25 1.56 1.75 1.70 1.35 0.84 1.48 1.38
2 Vizianagaram 0.65 0.70 0.52 0.48 0.63 0.64 0.76 0.57 0.58 0.61
3 Visakhapatnam 2.26 1.90 0.97 1.08 1.32 1.08 0.82 0.50 1.21 1.24
4 East Godavari 10.81 11.22 10.49 13.38 11.48 11.00 9.96 6.53 5.04 9.99
5 West Godavari 0.79 0.58 0.88 1.47 0.72 0.15 0.19 0.46 0.87 0.68
6 Krishna 2.37 2.65 1.54 1.37 1.37 1.05 1.12 0.91 3.83 1.80
7 Guntur 3.15 2.76 2.76 2.83 1.99 1.66 1.56 1.21 0.91 2.09
8 Prakasam 1.97 2.62 2.99 3.87 5.11 5.77 6.22 6.12 6.80 4.61
9 Nellore 0.18 0.23 0.82 0.56 0.18 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.72 0.34
Andhra 23.53 23.79 22.22 26.61 24.55 23.21 22.10 17.26 21.45 22.75

10 Chittoor 1.47 1.11 1.38 1.43 1.28 0.40 0.36 1.01 1.48 1.10
28.0
11 Kadapa 1.16 1.73 1.86 1.68 1.95 2.04 2.50 33.6
1
1 8.28
12 Ananthapur 0.48 0.49 0.69 0.85 1.66 1.89 3.76 2.98 2.13 1.66
13 Kurnool 3.20 3.14 4.54 3.49 3.56 3.86 8.14 3.43 4.10 4.16
Rayalaseema 6.32 6.48 8.47 7.44 8.44 8.20 14.77 41.02 35.72 15.21
14 Mahaboob
nagar 0.03 0.13 0.12 0.03 0.71 2.40 5.82 1.59 1.98 1.42
15 Ranga Reddy 0.72 1.61 2.24 2.31 2.38 2.32 2.56 2.51 2.74 2.15
16 Hyderabad 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
17 Medak 0.60 1.24 0.43 0.58 0.62 0.49 0.52 0.66 0.89 0.67
18 Nizamabad 0.02 0.03 0.34 0.52 0.72 0.63 0.88 0.95 0.95 0.56
19 Adilabad 13.83 14.73 14.21 11.46 13.07 9.58 7.99 6.18 6.75 10.87
20 Karimnagar 28.48 24.89 25.00 24.58 23.46 26.02 21.39 14.64 13.50 22.44
21 Warangal 1.49 2.10 1.99 2.06 2.26 3.90 3.67 2.20 3.41 2.56
22 Khammam 23.88 23.58 23.51 22.68 21.99 21.22 18.47 11.56 11.14 19.78
23 Nalgonda 1.10 1.44 1.47 1.74 1.79 2.04 1.84 1.43 1.47 1.59

Telangana 70.15 69.74 69.31 65.95 67.01 68.59 63.13 41.72 42.83 62.05
Andhra Pradesh 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
Source: Government of Andhra Pradesh Directorate
Source: Government of Andhra Pradesh Directorate of Economics and Statistics “District Domestic
Product of Andhra Pradesh 1999-200 to 2007-08

The contribution of the Telangana region to the total GSDP generated in the State from the mining and quarrying sector is more than 62 per cent. The benefit of mining and mining income has mostly gone to the other regions of the State and the local people


SORRY CHART IN MESS INFO IS IMPORTANT OK HOPE YOU UNDERSTAND SOME PROBLEM IN BROWSER/BLOGGER

GSDP from agriculture sector

Growth of GSDP from agriculture sector is much more stable in Andhra region as
compared with the Telangana region as may be observed from the fluctuations in the
annual growth rates of agricultural GSDP. A dip in agricultural growth in a year on account
of drought or pest attacks or for any other reason results in a higher growth in the
following year because of the base effect. This may pull up the overall growth of the
GSDP. For instance, agricultural GSDP was estimated to have grown by as much as
62.13 per cent in 2005-06 in the Telangana region from a negative growth of 18.95 in
2004-05. If the abnormal year of 2005-06 is left out, then the average growth of
GSDP in Telangana region will be the lowest in the period 1999-2000 to 2007-08.
Agriculture sector contributes over 25 per cent of the GSDP in the Telangana
region.

The above analysis clearly demonstrates that the GSDP growth in the Telangana
region is not higher than that in the remaining two regions. Because of
predominance of rainfed agriculture in the Telangana region and dependence on
wells, growth of agriculture in the region is highly fluctuating. The incidence of
farmer suicides is much higher in the region.

TELANGANA DEVELOPMENT - myth dist wide data

TELANGANA DEVELOPMENT -
MORE A MYTH THAN A REALITY
Introduction
District-wise growth rates of State Gross Domestic Product (GSDP) are often used
selectively to wrongly come to the conclusion that Telangana region has been experiencing
higher growth rates in relation to the other two regions in the State because of the efforts
made by the State Government to develop the region. Nothing can be farther from the truth
than this conclusion drawn from the trends in the growth of GSDP. We present below the
trends in the growth of GSDP by districts from 1994-95 to 2007-08 (Table 4.1).
Table 4.1: Growth of State Gross Domestic by Districts in Andhra Pradesh At 193-94 Prices
( In Percent per Annum)
District/Region 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 05 06 (R)
08 (P) Average
1. Srikakulam 13.56 1.96 2.22 11.48 9.64 0.70 13.93 9.24 7.84
2. Vizianagaram 3.76 9.88 -0.91 11.00 16.48 1.54 12.87 6.26 7.61
3. Visakhapatnam 18.09 4.53 14.88 13.74 12.99 1.49 10.38 6.83 10.37
4.East Godavari 1.65 6.51 4.67 10.96 6.12 1.91 11.09 6.53 6.18
5. West Godavari 3.80 -1.27 7.59 13.84 8.98 -3.52 8.73 13.01 6.40
6. Krishna 2.96 5.99 5.68 -2.78 13.73 14.51 9.72 8.90 7.34
7. Guntur 6.77 7.74 -8.63 12.14 6.99 7.67 7.92 7.88 6.06
8. Prakasam 15.67 0.83 -1.64 9.97 26.02 5.23 12.69 6.23 9.37
9. Nallore 5.16 7.88 5.96 -1.43 13.14 3.20 13.04 8.07 6.88
Andhra 7.32 4.82 4.02 8.77 11.66 3.92 10.59 8.09 7.40
10. Chittor 15.34 7.33 -2.83 9.40 10.31 -2.24 8.92 11.30 7.19
11. Kadapa 10.98 -6.96 2.43 10.08 11.62 0.71 67.82 19.52 14.52
12. Ananthapur 37.41 -11.86 0.03 6.19 29.50 -8.88 4.64 30.91 10.99
13. Kurnool 13.85 6.77 -1.26 8.91 3.63 23.93 -0.91 18.42 9.17
Rayalaseema 19.72 -1.17 -0.74 8.56 13.82 2.36 15.79 19.79 9.77
14. Mahabubnagar 15.26 7.79 4.21 4.38 5.61 32.23 1.93 15.45 10.86
15.Ranga Reddy 1.47 9.25 6.40 7.89 6.76 26.30 15.95 6.53 10.07
16. Hyderabad 6.35 7.97 9.38 7.58 3.09 17.58 13.31 10.51 9.47
17. Medak -8.08 5.56 -1.06 16.71 2.78 8.58 11.61 12.24 6.04
18. Nizamabad 13.02 -0.67 1.57 -0.20 3.75 22.64 8.64 11.49 7.53
19. Adilabad 8.07 12.47 -2.62 16.65 -5.00 19.27 11.36 10.01 8.78
20. Karimnagar 0.28 1.67 2.40 12.68 -6.71 32.65 8.51 6.31 7.22
21. Warangal 17.66 -0.76 -3.86 16.67 -2.03 18.93 6.45 11.59 8.08
22.Khammamm 6.15 7.77 2.89 11.15 4.51 9.26 8.43 8.96 7.39
23. Nalgonda 5.65 2.90 -2.65 9.82 11.25 20.07 7.87 14.23 8.64
Telangana 5.11 5.66 2.63 10.24 2.53 20.42 10.21 10.27 8.38
Andhra Pradesh 8.16 4.22 2.73 9.35 8.15 10.24 11.16 10.75 8.09
Source: Government of Andhra Pradesh Directorate of Economics and Statistics “District Domestic
Product of Andhra Pradesh 1999-200 to 2007-08
sorry chart not uploading want to share info see and assimilate the facts

Tuesday, April 6, 2010

G O 610 good bad ugly

Government Order 610

There have been major violations of the Presidential Order in all the Telangana Zones,
more particularly in Zones V and VI. The Telangana Employees unions have been
submitting representation pointing out the violations. Following these representations, the
State Government issued the Order No. 610 on December 30 1985 addressing some of
the serious violations of the Presidential Order. This is the umpteenth time that the
safeguards given to Telangana were violated with impunity. This Order of the Government
is proof enough of the Government’s admissions of the violations. The Go provides for the
repatriation of all employees allotted to Zones V and VI in violation of the zonalisation of
local cadres under the Six-Point Formula and rectification of other violations.

Violation of Government Order 610

What else can be expected by the employees of Telangana, except the violation of
the GO 610 which itself was intended to rectify the previous violations. Is there any
remedy for the employees? As things have unfolded, the GO was never
implemented. What can be expected except one more assurance which was never
intended to be implemented? How long will the people of Telangana be neglected
with abandon. Is the Government not accountable to its pronounced assurances?
The Government of Andhra Pradesh appointed a One Man Commission (Girglani) on
June 25 2001 to receive representations regarding the injustice done in the
implementation of the GO. 610 and to suggest follow up action for the rectification of
defects, anomalies and irregularities. Despite the Commission’s recommendations, there
has been no action. Why should Government bury the GO all these years. There is no
remedy short of separate statehood.

A House Committee of the State Legislature examined the issue of violation of GO. 610
and submitted its interim Report on March 17, 2003. The Committee unanimously
recommended immediate repatriation of the non-locals appointed to the posts earmarked
for the locals. The Committee further recommended that the directions given by the
Andhra Pradesh Administrative Tribunal should be implemented in letter and spirit
forthwith by the Government and that a combined seniority list should be prepared for the
employees keeping aside those to be repatriated to their respective Zones. Despite
assurances, GO. 610 is yet to be implemented in all its aspects.


We have presented a factual account of the situation in Telangana since the
formation of the State of Andhra Pradesh in 1956. It is a story of assurances which
were never meant to be fulfilled. The assurances started with the Gentlemen’s
Agreement and its violation followed by Eight Point Formula, Five-Point Formula,
Presidential Order, Six-Point Formula and GO. 610. Each of these assurances was
given following the violation of the earlier assurance. Violation after violation of the
successive assurances has left the people of Telangana with no option but to seek
a separate statehood for the region.

No assurance will work in a Government dominated by Andhra political leadership
and administration too dominated by them.

G O 610 good bad ugly

Government Order 610

There have been major violations of the Presidential Order in all the Telangana Zones,
more particularly in Zones V and VI. The Telangana Employees unions have been
submitting representation pointing out the violations. Following these representations, the
State Government issued the Order No. 610 on December 30 1985 addressing some of
the serious violations of the Presidential Order. This is the umpteenth time that the
safeguards given to Telangana were violated with impunity. This Order of the Government
is proof enough of the Government’s admissions of the violations. The Go provides for the
repatriation of all employees allotted to Zones V and VI in violation of the zonalisation of
local cadres under the Six-Point Formula and rectification of other violations.

Violation of Government Order 610

What else can be expected by the employees of Telangana, except the violation of
the GO 610 which itself was intended to rectify the previous violations. Is there any
remedy for the employees? As things have unfolded, the GO was never
implemented. What can be expected except one more assurance which was never
intended to be implemented? How long will the people of Telangana be neglected
with abandon. Is the Government not accountable to its pronounced assurances?
The Government of Andhra Pradesh appointed a One Man Commission (Girglani) on
June 25 2001 to receive representations regarding the injustice done in the
implementation of the GO. 610 and to suggest follow up action for the rectification of
defects, anomalies and irregularities. Despite the Commission’s recommendations, there
has been no action. Why should Government bury the GO all these years. There is no
remedy short of separate statehood.

A House Committee of the State Legislature examined the issue of violation of GO. 610
and submitted its interim Report on March 17, 2003. The Committee unanimously
recommended immediate repatriation of the non-locals appointed to the posts earmarked
for the locals. The Committee further recommended that the directions given by the
Andhra Pradesh Administrative Tribunal should be implemented in letter and spirit
forthwith by the Government and that a combined seniority list should be prepared for the
employees keeping aside those to be repatriated to their respective Zones. Despite
assurances, GO. 610 is yet to be implemented in all its aspects.


We have presented a factual account of the situation in Telangana since the
formation of the State of Andhra Pradesh in 1956. It is a story of assurances which
were never meant to be fulfilled. The assurances started with the Gentlemen’s
Agreement and its violation followed by Eight Point Formula, Five-Point Formula,
Presidential Order, Six-Point Formula and GO. 610. Each of these assurances was
given following the violation of the earlier assurance. Violation after violation of the
successive assurances has left the people of Telangana with no option but to seek
a separate statehood for the region.

No assurance will work in a Government dominated by Andhra political leadership
and administration too dominated by them.

GENTLEMEN’ S AGREEMENT 1956

GENTLEMEN’ S AGREEMENT 1956

1. The expenditure of the central and general administration of the state should be borne proportionately
by the two regions and the balance of income from Telangana should be reserved for expenditure on
the development of Telangana area.
2. Prohibition in Telangana should be implemented in the manner decided upon by the Assembly
members of Telangana.
3. The existing educational facilities in Telangana should be secured to the students of Telangana and
further improved. Admission to the colleges including technical institutions in the Telangana area should
be restricted to the students of Telangana or the latter should have admission to the extent of one-third
of the total admissions in the entire state whichever course is advantageous to Telangana students.
4. Retrenchment of services should be proportionate from both regions if it becomes inevitable due to
integration.
5. Future recruitment to services will be on the basis of population from both areas.
6. The position of Urdu in the administrative and judicial structure existing at present in the Telangana
area may continue for five years when the position may be reviewed by the Regional Council. So far
(as) recruitment to services is concerned knowledge of Telugu should not be insisted upon at the time
of recruitment but they should be required to pass a prescribed Telugu test in two years after
appointment.
7. Some kind of domicile rules e.g. residence for 12 years should be provided in order to assure the
prescribed proportion to recruitment of services for Telangana area.
8. Sales of agricultural lands in Telangana area (is) to be controlled by the Regional Council.
9. A Regional Council will be established for the Telangana area with a view to secure its all round
development in accordance with its needs and requirements.
10. The Regional Coucil will consist of 20 members as follows: 9 members of Assembly representing each
district of Telangana to be elected by the Assembly members of the Telangana districts separately 6
members of the Assembly or the Parliament elected by the Telangana representatives of the Assembly
5 members from outside the Assembly to be elected by the Telangana members of the Assembly. All
ministers from Telangana area will be (its) members.
11. (a) The Regional Council will be a statutory body empowered to deal with and decide about matters
mentioned above and those relating to planning and development, irrigation and other projects,
industrial development within the general plan and recruitment to services insofar as they relate to
Telangana area. If there is difference of opinion between the views of the Regional Council and the
Government of the State, a reference may be made to the Government of India for final decision.
(b) Unless revised earlier by agreement, this arrangement will be reviewed at the end of ten years.
12. The Cabinet will consist of members in proportion of 60 to 40 percent for Andhra and Telangana,
respectively. Out of the 40 percent Telangana Ministers one will be a Muslim from Telangana.
13. If the Chief Minister is from Andhra, the Deputy Chief Minister will be from
Telangana and vice-versa. Two out of the following portfolios will be assigned to Ministers from
Telangana.
(a)Home; (b) Finance; (c) Revenue ;( d) Planning & Development; and (e) Commerce & Industry.
14. The Hyderabad Pradesh Congress Committee President desired that the Pradesh Congress Committee
should be separated from Telangana upto the end of 1962. Andhra Provincial Congress Committee
President has no objection.
The above agreement was arrived at on February 20 1956. It was signed by 1). B. Gopala Reddy Chief
Minister of Andhra; 2) N. Sanjiva Reddy Deputy Chief Minister of Andhra; 3) G.Latchanna Minister in
the Andhra Cabinet; A. Satyanarayana Raju President Andhra Provincial Congree Committee; 5) B.
Ramakrishna Rao Chief Minister Hyderabad; 6) K.v. Ranga Reddy Minister Hyderabad State and 8)
J.V. Narasinga Rao President Hyderabad Provincial Congress Committee

MULKI RULE CHAP III,APPENDIX "N"

CHAPTER III
GENERAL RULES FOR REGULATING ALLOWANCES
Conditions of Age Health & Domicile

No person will be appointed in any superior or Inferior Service without the specific sanction of His
Exalted Highness if he is not a Mulki in terms of the rules laid down in Appendix ‘N’. Any person whose
domicile is cancelled under para 9 of the Mulki Rules will be considered to have been dismissed from
the date of such cancellation.

APPENDIX ‘N’
(Referred to in Article 39)
1. A person shall be called a Mulki if:
(a) by birth he is a subject of the Hyderabad State; or
(b) by residence in the Hyderabad State, he has been entitled to be Mulki; or
(c) his father having completed 15 years of service was in the Government service at the time of
his birth;
(d) She is a wife of a person who is a Mulki.
2. A person shall be called a subject of the Hyderabad State by birth at the time of whose
birth his father was a Mulki.
3. A person shall be called a Mulki who has a permanent residence in the Hyderabad State for
atleast 15 years and has abandoned the idea of returning to o the place of his previous
residence and has obtained an affidavit to that effect on a prescribed form attested by a
Magistrate.
4. Where a Mulki woman marries a non-Mulki but does not give up her residence in the
Hyderabad State, her rights which she enjoys by virtue of her being a Mulki shall not be
affected in any way.
5. Where a woman is a Mulki marries a non-Mulki and resides outside the Hyderabad State along
with her husband and returns to reside permanently in the Hyderabad State after the death of
her husband or after obtaining a judicial separation shall again be called a Mulki but her
children shall be called Non-Mulkis unless they are entitled to be Mulkis under these rules.
6. Subject to the above provisions the Taluqdar, Hyderabad District for Hyderabad City and
Hyderabad District and the Taluqdar of the District in the Districts shall be competent to grant
Mulki Certificate on the prescribed form provided that the father of the applicant prior to his residence in the Hyderabad State or appointment in the Hyderabad Government service or the
applicant himself prior to his residence in the Hyderabad State:-
(a) Was not a British subject; or
(b) Was a subject of any State other than a British protectorate;
(c) If he has not obtained a certificate under the Indian Naturalization Act of 1926, the application for
the grant of Mulki Certificate shall be submitted in the office of the Secretary Judicial Department
for action.
Exception: In the case of inferior servant whose initial pay does not exceed Rs.25/- a month, a Mulki
Certificate granted by an Officer of the Department concerned who is competent to make his
appointment on the post will be sufficient. But the said servant shall not be promoted to Superior
service unless he obtains a Mulki Certificate from an officer authorized ordinarily to grant certificate
under these Rules.
Expanation 1: The Berari shall in case of his appointment in any district obtain Mulki Certificate from the
Taluqdar of the district and from the Taluqder of the Hyderabad District in case of appointment in
Hyderabad City and Hyderabad district and he shall along with his application submit a certificate in
accordance with the provisions in force in Berar of his being a Berari.
Explanation 2: A Government servant in superior service in case of his appointment in a district shall
obtain Mulki Certificate from the Taluqdar of the district or from the Taluqdar of the district where he
resides and from the Talukdar Hyderabad district in case of Hyderabad City and Hyderabad district.
Explanation 3: A resident of Secunderabad or other assigned areas shall obtain a Mulki Certificate from
the Taluqdar, Hyderabad District and a Resident of Aurangabad Cantonment from the Taluqdar of
Aurangabad District.
7. In the application for the grant of a Mulki Certificate, in addition to all facts which support the
application, the following matters shall be mentioned and in the end it shall be certified by a declaration
on oath that the facts stated in the application are correct and that he is aware that in case of wrong
entry action may be taken against him in accordance with the powers of the court and Rule No.9:-
(a) Where was the applicant born?
(b) Date and place of birth
(c) Places where he was educated
(d) Where was he residing prior to his residing in the Hyderabad State?
(e) Place of birth and nationality of his father and grand-father
(f) Place of education of the applicant’ s father
(g) Where was he residing at the time of the applicant’s birth and after
Completing 21st year of his age?
(h) From what period the applicant is permanently residing in the Hyderabad State and whether he has
abandoned the idea of returning to his native land?
(i) Has the applicant’s father or he himself acquired or intends to acquire any immovable property
within the Hyderabad State?
(j) Has the applicant’s father or he himself created such connections within the Hyderabad State which
lead to believe that they have made Hyderabad State their native land?
(k) Was an application made previously for a Mulki Certificate and if so to whom and what orders were
passed thereon?
8. In case the application for the grant of a Mulki Certificate is rejected an appeal may lie to
Subedar concerned against the order within a month from the date of the rejection and the
order of the Subedar shall be final.
9. Government in the Police Department may cancel any Mulki Certificate if the Government finds
that any of the entries made in the application for the Mulki Certificate under Rule 7 is not
correct or that it was obtained by false personation or false statements and it may cancel
certificates of persons mentioned in clauses (b), (c) and (d) of Rule 1 if the holder of the Mulki
Certificate is disloyal to H.E.H or the Hyderabad Government in his conduct or behaviour or is
directly or indirectly connected with such political activities which are detrimental or contrary to
the interest of the Hyderabad Government.

MULKI RULE CHAP III,APPENDIX "N"

CHAPTER III
GENERAL RULES FOR REGULATING ALLOWANCES
Conditions of Age Health & Domicile

No person will be appointed in any superior or Inferior Service without the specific sanction of His
Exalted Highness if he is not a Mulki in terms of the rules laid down in Appendix ‘N’. Any person whose
domicile is cancelled under para 9 of the Mulki Rules will be considered to have been dismissed from
the date of such cancellation.

APPENDIX ‘N’
(Referred to in Article 39)
1. A person shall be called a Mulki if:
(a) by birth he is a subject of the Hyderabad State; or
(b) by residence in the Hyderabad State, he has been entitled to be Mulki; or
(c) his father having completed 15 years of service was in the Government service at the time of
his birth;
(d) She is a wife of a person who is a Mulki.
2. A person shall be called a subject of the Hyderabad State by birth at the time of whose
birth his father was a Mulki.
3. A person shall be called a Mulki who has a permanent residence in the Hyderabad State for
atleast 15 years and has abandoned the idea of returning to o the place of his previous
residence and has obtained an affidavit to that effect on a prescribed form attested by a
Magistrate.
4. Where a Mulki woman marries a non-Mulki but does not give up her residence in the
Hyderabad State, her rights which she enjoys by virtue of her being a Mulki shall not be
affected in any way.
5. Where a woman is a Mulki marries a non-Mulki and resides outside the Hyderabad State along
with her husband and returns to reside permanently in the Hyderabad State after the death of
her husband or after obtaining a judicial separation shall again be called a Mulki but her
children shall be called Non-Mulkis unless they are entitled to be Mulkis under these rules.
6. Subject to the above provisions the Taluqdar, Hyderabad District for Hyderabad City and
Hyderabad District and the Taluqdar of the District in the Districts shall be competent to grant
Mulki Certificate on the prescribed form provided that the father of the applicant prior to his residence in the Hyderabad State or appointment in the Hyderabad Government service or the
applicant himself prior to his residence in the Hyderabad State:-
(a) Was not a British subject; or
(b) Was a subject of any State other than a British protectorate;
(c) If he has not obtained a certificate under the Indian Naturalization Act of 1926, the application for
the grant of Mulki Certificate shall be submitted in the office of the Secretary Judicial Department
for action.
Exception: In the case of inferior servant whose initial pay does not exceed Rs.25/- a month, a Mulki
Certificate granted by an Officer of the Department concerned who is competent to make his
appointment on the post will be sufficient. But the said servant shall not be promoted to Superior
service unless he obtains a Mulki Certificate from an officer authorized ordinarily to grant certificate
under these Rules.
Expanation 1: The Berari shall in case of his appointment in any district obtain Mulki Certificate from the
Taluqdar of the district and from the Taluqder of the Hyderabad District in case of appointment in
Hyderabad City and Hyderabad district and he shall along with his application submit a certificate in
accordance with the provisions in force in Berar of his being a Berari.
Explanation 2: A Government servant in superior service in case of his appointment in a district shall
obtain Mulki Certificate from the Taluqdar of the district or from the Taluqdar of the district where he
resides and from the Talukdar Hyderabad district in case of Hyderabad City and Hyderabad district.
Explanation 3: A resident of Secunderabad or other assigned areas shall obtain a Mulki Certificate from
the Taluqdar, Hyderabad District and a Resident of Aurangabad Cantonment from the Taluqdar of
Aurangabad District.
7. In the application for the grant of a Mulki Certificate, in addition to all facts which support the
application, the following matters shall be mentioned and in the end it shall be certified by a declaration
on oath that the facts stated in the application are correct and that he is aware that in case of wrong
entry action may be taken against him in accordance with the powers of the court and Rule No.9:-
(a) Where was the applicant born?
(b) Date and place of birth
(c) Places where he was educated
(d) Where was he residing prior to his residing in the Hyderabad State?
(e) Place of birth and nationality of his father and grand-father
(f) Place of education of the applicant’ s father
(g) Where was he residing at the time of the applicant’s birth and after
Completing 21st year of his age?
(h) From what period the applicant is permanently residing in the Hyderabad State and whether he has
abandoned the idea of returning to his native land?
(i) Has the applicant’s father or he himself acquired or intends to acquire any immovable property
within the Hyderabad State?
(j) Has the applicant’s father or he himself created such connections within the Hyderabad State which
lead to believe that they have made Hyderabad State their native land?
(k) Was an application made previously for a Mulki Certificate and if so to whom and what orders were
passed thereon?
8. In case the application for the grant of a Mulki Certificate is rejected an appeal may lie to
Subedar concerned against the order within a month from the date of the rejection and the
order of the Subedar shall be final.
9. Government in the Police Department may cancel any Mulki Certificate if the Government finds
that any of the entries made in the application for the Mulki Certificate under Rule 7 is not
correct or that it was obtained by false personation or false statements and it may cancel
certificates of persons mentioned in clauses (b), (c) and (d) of Rule 1 if the holder of the Mulki
Certificate is disloyal to H.E.H or the Hyderabad Government in his conduct or behaviour or is
directly or indirectly connected with such political activities which are detrimental or contrary to
the interest of the Hyderabad Government.

THE MULKI RULES 1949

ANNEXURE-2.1
THE MULKI RULES 1949

Government of Hyderabad
(Extracts from Hyderabad Civil Service Regulations VII Edition 1950)
Preface

These Regulations promulgated in obedience to His Exalted Highness, the Nizam’s Firman dated 25th
Ramzan 1337 H (corresponding to 18th Amardad 1328 Fasli ) were for the first time published in
1328 Fasli.
These are now printed and published for the seventh time including corrections and
additions upto the end of Azur 1359 Fasli( October 1949).

ZAHEERUDDIN AHMED
Dated 1st November 1949 Controller-General
Accounts & Audit.

Monday, April 5, 2010

Danger behind the mulki rule

Following the ‘Non-Mulki’ agitation, the Government of Hyderabad notified Mulki Rules on
November 1, 1949. These rules provided safeguards to the people of erstwhile Hyderabad
State in government jobs. In terms of the provisions of these rules, no person was to be
appointed to any superior or inferior service if he was not a mulki and any person who was
a non-mulki was deemed to have been dismissed. A person was considered mulki, if he
was a subject of Hyderabad State or by residence in Hyderabad State was entitled to be a mulki. A person was also considered a mulki, if his father had completed 15 years of
service at the time of his birth or the wife of the person was a mulki. A person was
deemed to be a mulki if he was a permanent resident of Hyderabad State for at least 15
years and has abandoned the idea of returning to the place of his previous residence and
has obtained an affidavit to this effect attested by a Magistrate. The Mulki Rules 1949 are
reproduced in Annexure 2.1.
“In regard to appointments and employment in Telangana region, they seem to be having
some fears that educationally more advanced people from Andhra region might usurp all
avenues of employment depriving Telangana people of their due share. I want to make it
clear that we do not want anything in your share of employment at all. We are assuring
you that we would not touch your 1/3 share in employment. Such an assurance is made
not only on my personal behalf but also on behalf of this Assembly and the Government.”

Telangana was part of the princely state of Hyderabad

Telangana was part of the princely state of Hyderabad, which
consisted of Telugu, Marathi and Kannada speaking regions. At the time of independence,
Hyderabad State continued to retain its separate identity. Following the intervention of the
Union Government which was popularly termed as the ‘Police Action,’ Hyderabad State
was merged with the Indian Union on September 17, 1948. From 1948, Hyderabad State
remained under the administration of the Union Government till general elections were
held in 1952. During this period, a number of people from United Madras State and other
States were brought in to run the administration. The officials brought in from outside the
State had no empathy for the people of the State and they behaved more like rulers than
civil servants meant for serving the people. The integration of the State with the Indian
Union did not make any difference to the people of the State and they continued to be
treated with disdain and apathy. The people who came to the State from United Madras
cornered all the important jobs much to the consternation of the people of the State. The
Administrator of the Union Government being outside the State made the matters worse.
The feelings of local people were so intense about being alienated and being denied of
their rights that a ‘Non-Mulki Movement’ started in 1952 against the continuance and
domination of people from outside the State. More important, this gave birth to the fears
and apprehensions in the minds of the local people about what could happen to them if
they were to merge with the neighbouring State of Andhra. This movement lasted over a
month and students from all the regions of the Hyderabad state spontaneously
participated in this popular movement seeking employment of people from within the State
in government jobs. Four people laid down their lives when the government attempted to
suppress the movement with force. The purpose of recalling this episode is to bring home
the point the damage that can be inflicted by an indifferent administration with no
accountability and a government that does not represent the will of the people. In a way,
the demand for a separate statehood for Telangana had its roots in the mulki agitation

Wednesday, March 31, 2010

TCMG meets Jaipal Reddy

Centre's decision to form Telangana

Deccan Chronicle
The largest selling English daily in Bangalore and Hyderabad
Your Ad Here
Friday, December 11, 2009
Decision on Telangana driven by Rahul's plan to split UP

Several Congress leaders feel that the Centre's decision to form Telangana is part of a longterm strategy chalked out by the AICC general secretary, Mr Rahul Gandhi, who wants to gain hold over Uttar Pradesh by dividing it into Bundelkhand and Purvanchal.

The Centre's decision on Telangana would bring life to agitations in the two regions of UP and would aid Mr Gandhi's political strategies.

Tuesday, March 30, 2010

RAHUL GANDHI WHO BEARS THE BURDEN OF NEEDY



WE ALL LOVE HIM FOR HIS SIMPLICITY AND HELPFULL NATURE TO ALL THE NEEDY PEOPLE IN INDIA

VISITED RAJGHAT,saw gandhi words on DICENTRALIZATION.



OUR ENTHUSIASM SOURED AFTER SEEING BAPU WORDS ON DECENTRALIZATION

TCMG Gave Rahul Gandhi Satavahana coin,



Satavahana rulers conquered Naga rulers and Gopa ones such as Somagopa etc who reigned around 300BC


Have a look at Satavahana Queen EAR RINGS,OU,Ashwaghosa who toured extensively and established Telangana colonies all over East Asia.


IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN HISTORY MAIL ME OK


TCMG HAS GIVEN BROCHURE WITH THIS COIN TO RAHUL GANDHI,WHICH HE RECEIVED WITH APPRECIATION,

WE ALL IN THE GROUP THANK SHRI RAHUL GANDHI FOR HIS KIND GESTURE.

Telanagana TCMG stay in Delhi at Historic Western Court,




WHERE MANY INDIAN LEADERS STAYED FOR WELL BEING OF INDIAN PEOPLE.

OUR MORNING JOG ON GRASS OF THIS PLACE MADE US REMEMBER AND MADE US HAPPY,FELT HONOURED THAT WE ARE WALKING ON THE SAME PLACE AND GRASS WHICH WAS PROUD TO HAVE WITNESSED AND BORE THE BURDEN OF THE FOOTPRINTS OUR OUR GREAT LEADERS WHO BROUGHT US INDEPENDENCE TO OUR MOTHERLAND INDIA FROM BRITISH.


OUR MORNING WALK EVERYDAY WAS A LESSON FROM THE PAGES OF INDIAN HISTORY.

Telangana TCMG DELHI TOUR PHOTOS,


We started our stay from WESTERN COURT HOTEL WHICH INSPIRES ALL with its atmosphere

WHERE MANY INDIAN LEADERS STAYED AND

SARKAR SEEMA under Presidency RULE


The Madras presidency was administered by a governor and a council, consisting of two members of the civil service, which number may be increased to four. There was also a board of revenue of three members. For legislative purposes the council of the governor was augmented by additional members, numbering 45 in all, of whom not more than 17 may be nominated officials, while 19 were elected by various representative constituencies. Members of the legislative council enjoyed the right of interpolation, of proposing resolutions on matters of public interest, and of discussing the annual financial statement.

In 1911 the province was divided into 24 districts: Ganjam, Vizagapatam (Visakhapatnam), Godavari, Krishna, Kurnool, Nellore, Cuddapah, Anantapur, Bellary, North Arcot, South Arcot, Chingleput, Madras, Salem, South Canara, Malabar, Coimbatore, Tiruchirappalli, Tanjore, Madurai, Tirunelveli, The Nilgiris, and Guntur. Each district was under the charge of a collector, with sub-collectors and assistants. The districts were not grouped into divisions or commissionerships, as in other provinces

We want Telangana THE PEOPLE CHOICE

Story of MULKI rules

The feelings of local people were so intense about being alienated and being denied of their rights that a ‘Non-Mulki Movement’ started in 1952 against the continuance and domination of people from outside the State. More important, this gave birth to the fears and apprehensions in the minds of the local people about what could happen to them if they were to merge with the neighbouring State of Andhra.


This movement lasted over a month and students from all the regions of the Hyderabad state spontaneously participated in this popular movement seeking employment of people from within the State in government jobs. Four people laid down their lives when the government attempted to suppress the movement with force. The purpose of recalling this episode is to bring home the point the damage that can be inflicted by an indifferent administration with no accountability and a government that does not represent the will of the people. In a way,
the demand for a separate statehood for Telangana had its roots in the mulki agitation.

Men came to Hyderabad to rule Telangana FROM MADRAS

SCENE OF 1948's IN SOUTH INDIA
During this period, a number of people from United Madras State and other States were brought in to run the administration. The officials brought in from outside the State had no empathy for the people of the State and they behaved more like rulers than civil servants meant for serving the people. The integration of the State with the Indian Union did not make any difference to the people of the State and they continued to be treated with disdain and apathy. The people who came to the State from United Madras cornered all the important jobs much to the consternation of the people of the State. The Administrator of the Union Government being outside the State made the matters worse.

Monday, March 29, 2010

Telangana - A Historical Perspective

Telangana - A Historical Perspective

The history of Telangana since the formation of Andhra Pradesh in 1956 is one of humiliation, breach of trust and exploitation of its people and resources. This has stretched the patience of simple, trusting and peace loving people to the hilt. The popular and broad based demand for a separate statehood for Telangana is again in the forefront.
In fact, the demand for separate statehood for Telangana started even before the formation of Andhra Pradesh and continued since then. It never ceased to exist and never faded from public memory but suppressed with periodic assurances which were never fulfilled.

Before independence, Telangana was part of the princely state of Hyderabad, which consisted of Telugu, Marathi and Kannada speaking regions. At the time of independence,

Hyderabad State continued to retain its separate identity. Following the intervention of the Union Government which was popularly termed as the ‘Police Action,’ Hyderabad State was merged with the Indian Union on September 17, 1948. From 1948,

Hyderabad State remained under the administration of the Union Government till general elections were held in 1952.



During this period, a number of people from United Madras State and other
States were brought in to run the administration. The officials brought in from outside the State had no empathy for the people of the State and they behaved more like rulers than civil servants meant for serving the people. The integration of the State with the Indian Union did not make any difference to the people of the State and they continued to be treated with disdain and apathy. The people who came to the State from United Madras cornered all the important jobs much to the consternation of the people of the State. The Administrator of the Union Government being outside the State made the matters worse.

The feelings of local people were so intense about being alienated and being denied of their rights that a ‘Non-Mulki Movement’ started in 1952 against the continuance and
domination of people from outside the State. More important, this gave birth to the fears
and apprehensions in the minds of the local people about what could happen to them if
they were to merge with the neighbouring State of Andhra. This movement lasted over a
month and students from all the regions of the Hyderabad state spontaneously
participated in this popular movement seeking employment of people from within the State
in government jobs. Four people laid down their lives when the government attempted to
suppress the movement with force. The purpose of recalling this episode is to bring home
the point the damage that can be inflicted by an indifferent administration with no
accountability and a government that does not represent the will of the people. In a way,
the demand for a separate statehood for Telangana had its roots in the mulki agitation.

Telangana - A Historical Perspective

Telangana - A Historical Perspective

The history of Telangana since the formation of Andhra Pradesh in 1956 is one of humiliation, breach of trust and exploitation of its people and resources. This has stretched the patience of simple, trusting and peace loving people to the hilt. The popular and broad based demand for a separate statehood for Telangana is again in the forefront.


In fact, the demand for separate statehood for Telangana started even before the formation of Andhra Pradesh and continued since then. It never ceased to exist and never faded from public memory but suppressed with periodic assurances which were never fulfilled.


Before independence, Telangana was part of the princely state of Hyderabad, which consisted of Telugu, Marathi and Kannada speaking regions. At the time of independence,

Hyderabad State continued to retain its separate identity. Following the intervention of the Union Government which was popularly termed as the ‘Police Action,’ Hyderabad State was merged with the Indian Union on September 17, 1948. From 1948,

Hyderabad State remained under the administration of the Union Government till general elections were held in 1952.

COMPARE FIRST & THIS 5 YEAR PLANS

The First five year plan started with one lakh of crores of rupees.

Now, we have an annual budget of several lakhs of crores.
Promises were made about quality of life.
But economic growth, measured in GDP did not get translated into human development.

They quote Gandhi ji who said: “man is the measure of development”. On the ground, the pattern of development yielded negative indicators such as

(a) Cash compensation
(b) Alienation from their own lands, through acquisition and resale at market prices.
(c) Loss of livelihoods
(d) Distress migration et al.
They have heard the promises of globalization, liberalization, privatization and profit
maximization loud and clear, but they got spurious fertilizers and pesticides, faced failed
crops, committed suicides et al.

Even a cursory look at the environs of Hyderabad, Mahabubnagar and Medak districts
reveal the on the ground social conditions of distress and conflict.


The interior rural-tribal areas present even more distressing ground conditions and social conflict. They have grown over time with no signs of mitigation.

Time to redefine our problems priorities and answers to the problems:

People are alienated for they do not recognize themselves as citizens in our democracy.

For democracy means decentralized and participative self governance.

FAILED MARRIAGE

A.P proved a case of enforced marriage by the elders -
sustained through a constant intervention:
Gentlemen’s agreement,
constitutional promises and provisions,
statutory mechanisms,
change in the rules and regulations,
judicial pronouncements and awards,
special institutional innovations such as Telangana Development committee (TDC),
a number of commissions and committees,
all of these efforts could not sustain the marriage between Telangana and Andhra.

People believed in the sanctity of these measures: but ultimately lost their confidence in the political process and the public institutions.

Telangana and Andhra regions presented two divergent scenarios

The ground conditions of Andhra and Telangana were widely varying due to historical factors. Telangana and Andhra regions presented two divergent scenarios - historically, politically, economically, socially as well as culturally.

However, above 50 years of actual experience has revealed that none of the objectives of the larger state with the merger of Andhra and Telangana had not only not fulfilled the ideals or accomplished the objectives, but to the contrary created considerable problems and a series of upheavals. It had generated persistent conflict between the two regions.

Andhra Pradesh proved that linguistic organization of states does not, per se represent as symbols of progress: at best they are only a means; even as a means to an end, A.P has failed.

NATIONS SMALLER THAN A DISTRICT IN TELANGANA

NOTE CAPTION MINE
The world’s 6.5 billion people live in 190-odd countries.

This means the average nation has about 30-35 million people. If we exclude large entities like China, India, the European Union, the United States, Brazil, Nigeria, Indonesia, etc, the average nation’s population falls to 15 million.


Many major countries, including Korea, Iran, the Netherlands and South Africa, have 15-75 million people. Most others have 4 - 10 million people –
Scandinavia and much of Africa. Their sub-units are much smaller.



SOME NATIONS SMALLER THAN A DISTRICT IN TELANGANA

So there’s nothing odd about a 31-million-strong Telangana–with an area of 11,840 sq km, which exceeds the size of 100 of the world’s countries.

Dumping English style employees

Kayasthaas, Maarwaris, and all others are very well positioned and their assimilation into the society of this land is marvelous. Same environ is available to Coastal and Rayalaseema people.

But, the dangerous dumping of thousands of English conversant employees after 1948 Police Action and continuing contentious employment opportunities have created turmoil and posture of grabbing and denials.
The very existence of urge for this long and recent wide spread in unbelievable proportions by all sections of the society irrespective of caste, creed, age, class and education, sacrifice of graduate modern student forces of their academic year and bright future besides unabated suicides of more than 350 students and youth amply displays the necessity of separate statehood to Telangana.

This is for livelihood, rightful earning, equi-distribution of yield of growth, development,
welfare and river waters for farming, self respect, and rightful scope to decide their future on their own –
in nutshell:


RIGHTS MOVEMENT.

The people of TELANGANA, are in, for the realization of sixty years long urge, more than fifty years long struggle, now emotionally surcharged unprecedented mass movement to sustain their separate statehood.

about TCMG

TCMG considered this committee as more
elaborate than that of State Reorganisation Commission, though not constituted as per
Commission’s act, but with seven terms of reference – last one being the scope for
making appropriate suggestion or recommendation.

The division and divide among Telangana and non-Telangana is so deep among all
sections of the society and passions are mounting as the process is being delayed.

The passions refuse to die down. This situation is now beyond solution.

All Telangana masses are for expeditious separation where as the Machiavellian
corporate cunning class of other parts is for continuing their hold of power, economy and
polity in the name of ‘unified’.

With separation, all the Telugu people can be permanent friends. Pressure tactics to
hold united will lead to unbearable enmity.

With their sponsored disturbances, Telangana movement is gradually moving towards
much deeper civic strife, which is detrimental to the very foundations of our Indian
republic.

We are generous in sharing of river waters, natural resources and other infrastructure.
We also know of the projected growth avenues of Coastal and Rayalaseema regions
with petroleum, natural gas, mineral and other ecological deposits.
We also understand the potential of the seashore and its growing opportunities.
We also know that they will never reach us where as non-Telanganaites will squeeze us
to exhaust and extinguish like Red Indians of original America, if we loose to get
separate state.
There are clear cut boundaries to the state to be formed in the shape of clear 17
Loksabha and 119 Assembly constituencies spreading among 10 districts. Telangana as
state is larger than more than 100 countries and will be among big states of our country.
The contentious claimed growth of Hyderabad is just a myth and it is not to yield fruits to
natives, as the per capita incomes and other human development and human poverty
index will clearly explain.
With all these non-reaching yield, Telangana is known to its accommodative and
compassionate nature.
For several hundreds of years, thousands and lakhs of Kannadigas,

TCMG report extracts for info from open document,

Telangana though land with holdings of nobles, deprived of learning in Telugu gave its people harmony, health care, exposure to modernity and taste of advanced administration.

Sir Ronald Ross conducted his experiments on malaria in Hyderabad in
1897 which earned him Nobel Prize in 1902. In 1907, Hyderabad had astronomical research – Nizamia Observatory. Congenial for innovations. Such advanced installations grew in number even before it became integral part of independent India.


The case for Telangana state is over examined, excessively evaluated, rigourously reported and dutifully deceived. SAYS RAPOLU ANANDA BASKAR

The reports on Telangana are full of broken promises, un-adhered agreements, failed formula, swallowed surpluses and safeguards, reversed recommendations, cunningly contended contexts, twisted terms and thoroughly recorded references

RAHUL GANDHI meets TCMG members

Telangana tale is full of continuous oppression, imperialism, colonization, expansionism,
linguistic abuse and human rights violations.

At present, TELANGANA is in UNPRECEDENTED MASS UPHEAVAL.

The word TELANGANA is thousands of years old. It means the land where Telugu is
spoken. The land has civilization of thousands of years.

Certain etymologists concluded that the present location, on longitude between
15degrees and 21degrees and latitude between 74 degrees and 82 degrees on
Deccan plateau is the land where Telugu was first spoken.

Aboriginal Telugu words were intact till recently, among illiterate people of the remote
TELANGANA, where as people of all other Telugu areas add words of other Languages
knowingly or unknowingly in their communication.

Telangana, as Telingana, Telingane is in global historical records for the last two
thousand years. Karl Marx recorded this word in this geographical setting, tracing the
happenings since 11th century, in his notes on India.

In the modern Indian history, Telangana is known for waging war against its ruler,
establishing communication channels, organizing armed camps and struggles, facing
brutal and fatal forces just to Join India, convey its attachment and love for India.

Presently, Telangana caught the imagination of our nation, global village for being
oppressed, suppressed and facing pressure to be in the clutches of united.

Even today, Telangana has to learn from these united singulars about its land, language,
culture, history, societal expectations, economic deprivation and political slavery.

TCMG goes to New delhi on Telangana

Telangana tale is full of
continuous oppression,
imperialism,
colonization,
expansionism,
linguistic abuse
and
human rights violations
.

At present, TELANGANA is in UNPRECEDENTED MASS UPHEAVAL.

The word TELANGANA is thousands of years old. It means the land where Telugu is
spoken. The land has civilization of thousands of years.

Monday, March 8, 2010

ART OF SATAVAHANAS




The Sātavāhana kings are also remarkable for their contributions to Buddhist art and architecture. They built great stupas in the Krishna River Valley, including the stupa at Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh. The stupas were decorated in marble slabs and sculpted with scenes from the life of the Buddha, portrayed in a characteristic slim and elegant style. The Satavahana empire colonized southeast Asia and spread Indian culture to those parts. Mahayana Buddhism, which may have originated in Andhra (northwestern India being the alternative candidate), was carried to many parts of Asia by the rich maritime culture of the Satavahanas. The Amaravati style of sculpture spread to Southeast Asia at this time.

The Satavahanas contributed greatly to the embellishment of the Buddhist stupa of Sanchi. The gateways and the balustrade were built after 70 BCE, and appear to have been commissioned by them. An inscription records the gift of one of the top architraves of the Southern Gateway by the artisans of the Satavahana king Satakarni:

Gift of Ananda, the son of Vasithi, the foreman of the artisans of rajan Siri Satakarni

Throughout, the Buddhist art of the Satavahanas remained aniconic, denying any human representation of the Buddha, even in highly descriptive scenes. This remained true until the end of the Satavahana rule, in the 2nd century CE.

MY RESEARCH PAPER DEDICATED TELANGANA PEOPLE

Cant we accept the theory of puranas of 29 kings ,which was

Corraberated by all puranas not one in same pattern except minor

Differences, now and then we get coins of some new rulers .

There are instances that only numismatic evidence which give

us proofssome unknown dynasties and kings so refute in this

point with some scholars.

Being numismatist I have seen lot of instances like this ,last

Decade,We have not seen many chera coins now we have

seeing many new varietiesOf chera coins.Hope some day

we will get a big hoard of coins of rulers with unknown

kings of satavanahas in tune with Puranas?

The Puranas like Matsya, Vayu, Vishnu, Bhagvata and Brahmanda

provide important, if confusing, data for the reconstruction of the

Satavahana history. Literary works like Brihatkatha of Gunadya,

Gathasaptasati of Hala, or Lilavati yield useful information on the

period. Foreign literary sources like the ‘Indica’ of Megastanese,

Pliny’s ‘Natural History’,

The study of the Satavahana coins, particularly the Jogalthambi

hoard of Nahapana’s coins, most of them restruck by Gautamiputra

Satakarni, can help the historian of the period. The Satavahana

inscriptions, all of them inscribed on stone, provide valuable data

for the reconstruction of their history

LIST OF KINGS IN SCHOLAR VIEW

oots of satavanhana ???

In the first edition of this work, R. G. Bhandarkar had advanced the

view that the rise of the Satavahana power should be placed during

the second quarter of the first century B. C.1 This view

has been subsequently accepted by D. R. Bhandarkar2, H. C. Roy

Chaudhuri 3 and D. C. Sircar.

The arguments in favour of this view are not without weight. The most

cogent evidence insupport of this theory is the unanimous statement of

the Puranas that Simuka, the first Andhra (i.e.Satavahana king),

will rise to power after overthrowing the last Kanva ruler Susarman and

destroying what remained of the Shunga power5. It is generally assumed

that the Shungas ruledfrom c. 187 to 75 B. C. and the Kanvas from c.

75 to 30 B. C. It is therefore maintained by thisschool that the rise of

Simuka, the founder of the Satavahana dynasty, should be placed in the third

quarter of the first century B.C.

This would lead to the conclusion that the dynasty ruled for about two

and a half centuriesonly; we can now well understand why one Puranic

tradition asserts in round number that the rule ofthe Satavahanas lasted

for three centuries only.

Normally speaking about 17 or 18 kings only can flourish during this period,

and we ca nnow well understand why one Puranic tradition enumerates

18 Andhra kings only.

If we assume that the Satavahana dynasty consisted of about

thirty kings who ruled for about 450 years, we have to assume a

big gap of about 150 years between the earlier and later Satavahana

kings, known to us from inscriptions3and coins. This gap disappears

almost altogether I fwe place the rise of Simuka in c. 30 B.C.

R. P. has drawn attention to the palaeographical difficulties in

accepting the theory that Satakarni, the 3rd Satavahana

My view is that when Puranas shed light ,when there is no other

evidence present ,

KINGS LIST OF SATAVAHANA

Gautamiputra (Sri Yagna) Sātakarni (also known as Shalivahan) (r. 78-106 CE)

Defeated.According to the Western Satrap ruler Nahapana, restoring the prestige

of his dynasty by reconquering a large part of the former dominions of the

Sātavāhanas.

He was an ardent supporter of Hinduism.According to the Nasik inscription made by

his mother Gautami Balasri, he is the one…who crushed down the pride and conceit

of the Kshatriyas (the native Indian princes, the Rajputs of Rajputana, Gujarat and

Central India); who destroyed the Shakas (Western Kshatrapas), Yavanas

(Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians),… who rooted the Khakharata

family (The Kshaharata family of Nahapana); who restored the glory of the

Satavahana

Chronology and geography are rightly stated to be the two eyes of history;

neither of themhowever enables us to get a clear glimpse of the Satavahana

history. There are wide differencesamong scholars both about the time when

the Satavahanas rose to power, as also about theiroriginal home. One school

holds that the Satavahanas established their power in the last quarter of

the 3rd century B.C.; the other opines that they began to rule in the second

quarter of the firstcentury B. C. One school holds that their home was

somewhere in Andhra country or Telangana ;the other holds that it lay

somewhere in Maharashtra, either in Western India or near Pratisthana

,their traditional capital. It will be convenient to settle these controversial

points before we proceed togive an account of the history of the dynasty.

SATAVAHANA FOUGHT ANGAINST FOREIGN INVADERS

In Asoka edicts mentioned in semi-indipendent state.

The LAW of PIETY in the edict of XIII as preached by kings emissaries’ was

arranged by an unique way of classification principle.

First are recorded the names of kings and peoples whose independence is of

no question, secondly are mentioned ‘the kings dominion’ and lastly come a

number of peoples, divided like the independentInto northern and southern

group,who may be supposed,from the considerations also,to have

independent, semi-indipendent ones, in this group are the Andhra classified so

andhras people ar ealways own their independence but have cordial relations

with north Indian rulers.

The conquest of Kalinga took place in the 9th year of the kings

reign that was 261BC

The Jaugada and Dhauli edicts comment on the duties of officials of the border

tribes which were

written on 14th year 256BC show the policy of conciliation from Asoka side .

Before the foundation of the Satavahana empire, the Deccan was covered with a

Large number of petty kingdoms, which were often at war with one another. The

Satavahanas for the first time wielded the Deccan into a powerful State and gave

a cohesion and integrity to its history. The Deccan prospered immensely

under their strong rule. At a time when northern India was suffering from a series

of invasions by foreign powers like the Bactrians, the Sakas, the Parthians end the

Kusanas, the Deccan was enjoying relative peace. Among the foreigners, the

Sakas eventually succeeded in establishing a base at Ujjayini, from which

they proceeded to attack the Deccan. For a time the Satavahanas had to

give way and portions of Konkan and Northern Maharashtra were lost to them.

But very soon the Satavahanas drove out the foreigners from the Deccan and

restored freedom to the conquered provinces. The role of the Satavahanas in this

connection is comparable to that of the Vijayanagar empire in later times.

PURANAS GIVE OUR HISTORY

Even prakriti language was written in northern Brahmi

The Satavahana rulers were called as Andrabrutyas ,which later was given to

the name of the clan whichthe ruling family belonged as thought by historians

.Their home was no doubt the telugu country in telangana expanded to river krishna ,

Godavari regions,with kotilangala as capital city.

According to Puranas and Historians the Satavahan Dynasty

was started by King Simuka satavahana named in inscriptions was also called as

Sisuka in Matsya Puraná; Sipraka in Vishnu Puraná; sinduka in Vayu Puraná ;

,Ch’hismaka in Brahmanda Puraná;Yuga Purana mentioned him as

Satuvara: Col.Wilford; list gives his name as Sri Karna Deva of Sipraka but one,

every Paraná accept is his tenure as king was TWENTY THREE years.

In Jain accounts he is called as Gadabhilla father of Vikrama

who ruled over Andhra.

Chart of ALL Puranas history names tenure of each king for 29 satavahana kings

is given separately.

words talari,talavara, nagamma,viramma.

Lets us start the history of satavahana from established

sources such as the Megasthanes of 295BC and Pliny[ VI-;XVII:XIX]who

wrote that in south there is a dynasty by the name of ANDHRA.

Lets see what my Russian friend and linguist M.S.Andropov has to say

about word “Andhra” ..He tried to trace the origions of Telugu culture,why

they are so special and superior to other cultures even during the

Mahabarata period to get special mention about their 30 forts is worth

noting.We can understand they are aLarge cultural group little different from

other major Indian cultures.

They lived on the banks of river tributary whose name was Andri

and Handri ,they are in that name still today in Maharashtra and tungabadra

subriver even though the names in our region were changed in time cycle.

There is an Andhra valley near Bombay,Bellary inscription give the word

Andhrapathamau [220AD]

The usage of Mahatalavarasa word by satavahana kings show us that the official

language was Prakruti the common man language was newly developing telugu

an offshoot of Brahmi.

We come across the words talari,talavara meaning gramadhikari,Nagarjunakonda

inscription have the words nagamma,viramma.

There are several telugu words in GathaSaptaSathi,Vajjalaggam which is worth

noting.

SATAVAHANA COINS

Satavahana rulers were subdued during the period of Asoka but were independent

rulers from 8 th c BC,as given the privilege to be of vishvamitra lineage, In puranas

they were referred as satavahanas,satakarni,and Andhras, they have 30 forts ,

1000 elephants,100,000 infantry,2000cavalry.

The Deccan region was covered by large number of small tribal

kings which were often in war among themselves.

The Satavahana were the strongest among them after naga kings,

In this way the kingdom of satavahana came into existence in telanagana

region defeating the mahatalavaras.We get numismatic evidence to prove

this point enclosing the photo of rare Mahatalavarasa coin from my coin

collection along With some satavahana coins too from various coin collectors

collection which were worth noting in explaining the expertise used in minting

and various designs from various regional mints of one king and

Of other satavahana rulers Explained,

MAHATALAVARASA TELUGU WORDS OF PRE STAVAHANA KINGS

The history of Satavahana dynasty start from Karimanagar,Adilabad region.

Before them the MahatalavarasRuled this region, we come across coins of

Mahatalavara and other pre –Satavahana rulers, But lack of

Script on coins make us puzzled about their history. But their

style of design on coins gives us their Independent style of coin minting than

north India, gives us clue about their existence before satavahana

dynasty. Recent discovery of fort at near water falls in Ichoda mandal

gives us proof about that.The cobbled

pathwayfortifications show us the importance of this fort ,at we may

assume it was the capital of satavahana dynasty The pottery with

several circles gives us it is of new type as similar seals are excavated in Egypt

also, which show us the satavahana maritime trade. Early period of satavahana

trade flourished with Egypt

sumeria,hittitites,which made south India the hub of trade,we exported spices

and got in exchange gold. Diamond mines were famous in whole world,

Queens were given important place in satavahana dynasty

Queen Naganika,wife of satakarni was perhaps the first queen found on

incriptions.,Even Nanaghat,Nasik incriptions give details of satavahana

rulers.Satavahana kings were first to issue the silver coins with portrait of king face.

They equally gave donations to Buddhist,Jain,Brahmains.

Conducted Ashwamedha yagnamto show their strength. They ruled whole of

telangana,Andhra,Karnataka,konkan,maharshatra,vidraba,gone

upto Gujarat,Vidisha in north and still further. South Indian history was

given little importance sofar, specially satavahana period for lack of

encouragement and was neglected. We were first to trade with outside world,

build ocean going ships and mint it on coins.